Which product should I buy, Warmboard-S or Warmboard-R?
Warmboard-S and Warmboard-R offer the same superior heating qualities. Both products are made with the same thick aluminum that covers the entire panel surface, including all straight and curved channels where tubing is placed. Generally, new construction and new additions will use Warmboard-S, benefiting from its dual function as a structural subfloor. Remodeled areas of a home will typically use Warmboard-R. Our staff of construction professionals are ready to guide you through this process.
What are the differences and similarities of Warmboard-S and Warmboard-R?
Warmboard-S is a structural radiant panel that is 1 1/8” thick, made of Douglas Fir 7 ply plywood, and is sold in full-faced tongue and groove 4’ x 8’ sheets. Warmboard-R is a radiant panel that is 13/16” thick, made of aspen and pine oriented strand board (OSB) and is sold in square edged 2’x 4’ panels. Both products have the same thick, highly conductive 1060 alloy aluminum, which is securely bonded to the entire surface. This 0.025” plate is continuous in all tubing grooves. The thinner nature of Warmboard-R makes it particularly well suited for remodel projects where a lower profile is advantageous.
How much does Warmboard cost?
There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question. Radiant systems are a premium way to heat a home, and regardless of panel material, can be expected to cost roughly three times as much as a forced hot air system. With Warmboard, lower operating cost can mitigate much of this higher initial cost and in fact, Warmboard’s energy savings of 25% to 40% can help make Warmboard the wise financial choice in the long run.
The Warmboard-S or Warmboard-R panel portion of a radiant system varies in cost based on quantity. To precisely determine the needs of your project our design team will create a detailed panel and tubing layout. Prior to this design work, your Warmboard project manager will help you with rough budgets based on a review of your plans, our experience with labor rates in your area, and the likely cost of the components needed to heat and circulate water. With completed designs, we can quote exact panel costs plus freight and sales tax where applicable.
Why is radiant more comfortable?
Comfort is hard to define. We like to define it as 'The Absence of Discomfort'. In that light, perhaps the most remarkable thing about Warmboard is – nothing. There are no forced air registers to see, no noise or dust from mechanical blowers, no hot air blowing on you to exacerbate winter dryness, no hot ceilings to waste energy, no cold floors to chill your feet. Warmth emanates beneath your feet when you get out of the your warm bed or when stepping out of the shower. The mild warmth of Warmboard is a subtle experience. It always feels just right.
How do you install Warmboard-S?
Warmboard subfloor is glued and nailed, or glued and screwed to the floor joists in the same manner as any standard subfloor. It should be cut with standard circular saw with a carbide saw blade. This panel can also be installed over existing slab with the use of a vapor retarder and concrete fasteners.
How do you install Warmboard-R?
Warmboard–R is a non-structural radiant panel. This remodel panel is installed over existing plywood or OSB subfloor with a standard nail and glue method, or screw only method. This panel also can be installed over existing slab with the use of a vapor retarder and concrete fasteners.
How do Warmboard-S panels hold up during construction?
Warmboard-S panels are rated Exposure 1, as specified by the APA – The Engineered Wood Association. The APA trademark is the consumer’s assurance that products, which bear its stamp, have met specific manufacturing and product performance standards.
As an APA approved product, Warmboard-S panels can handle exposure to rain, snow, and ice. In fact, the aluminum top surface of Warmboard-S acts as a ‘built in’ weather barrier making it even more impervious to rain and snow than standard Exposure 1 plywood. During construction, Warmboard-S panels can be walked on, bracing can be nailed off and sill plates can be nailed directly to them. In general, Warmboard-S should be treated in the same manner as any other plywood subfloor.
It should be noted that it is normal for plywood to experience minor amounts of bowing due to humidity swings (especially during shipment). However, the panels will lay flat when they are fastened down over the joists and secured with construction adhesive and common nails, ring-shank nails, or screws per the installation instructions. APA standards also require 1/8 inch gapping on the 4-foot side of all subfloor panels, including Warmboard-S panels, to compensate for changes in moisture of the engineered plywood. The 8-foot side of Warmboard-S are pre-gapped tongue and groove.
Does the PEX tubing ever get damaged during construction?
Sometimes yes. Like all other radiant systems, tubing damage is possible, but with proper job site management damage can be avoided entirely. Experienced Warmboard installers rarely incur tubing damage.
Preventing tubing damage
PEX tubing is remarkably tough once installed in Warmboard’s modular channels and it tolerates the normal wear and tear of a construction site well. You cannot nail into the tubing or use sharp tools directly on top of a tube. One of the advantages of a Warmboard system is that the tubing is VISIBLE right up to the point of floor covering installation. For this reason damage to tubing is easily avoidable simple by using common sense and a little extra care. As an added precaution, some professionals have chosen to use temporary masonite panels or thin plywood to cover high traffic areas during construction.
If tubing damage does occur it is very easy to fix. Every tubing manufacturer makes repair couplers to repair a punctured section of tubing. Simply pop out the tube, cut out the damaged area and insert a coupling. Because the couplings are larger in diameter than the PEX tube, the installer will have to chisel the groove slightly to accommodate the coupler. Average time to fix a punctured tube is typically 10 – 15 minutes. During construction the system should also be monitored using an air pressure test at 60psi which can also detect leaks.
How much extra labor does Warmboard-S take when compared to standard subfloor?
Through our own research and through feedback from building professionals, we have found that Warmboard-S requires 5% to 50% more labor than installing a traditional subfloor for a first time user. Warmboard takes more labor to install because contractors must follow the panel layout and properly align the panels using the alignment pins we provide. Also, in general, the more zones specified the more cutting and trimming of panels is necessary.
Warmboard panels are easily cut using a carbide blade and skill saw, which is standard subflooring technique. Overall, when compared with other radiant systems, Warmboard installations result in tremendous labor savings throughout construction. The key factor is that Warmboard is the subfloor!
What type of insulation should I use underneath my Warmboard subfloor?
All radiant systems require insulation under the subfloor and Warmboard-S and Warmboard-R are no exception. We recommend standard fiberglass batt insulation of minimum value R-19. One important distinction is that foil backed insulation is NOT required when using Warmboard.
Shouldn’t I put tubing closer together around walls and under windows?
In older more traditional radiant systems are made of less conductive material than Warmboard-S and Warmboard-R. These non conductive materials require close tubing spacing to generate an adequate temperature over the entire floor. With our radiant panels, the 12” tubing spacing is equivalent in average surface temperature gypsum based thin pour on 2” spacing. For a detailed explanation, see our white paper on the topic.
How long of a delay is there between installing Warmboard and continuing the building?
The tubing should be placed in the channels as soon as the entire subfloor is nailed down. Tubing takes generally a day to put in place. Walls can be built on top of Warmboard-S as soon as the tubing is down. Typically the tubing is installed the next day after subfloor installation and the framing contractors never leave the job site.
What does my Warmboard purchase include?
Your Warmboard-S and Warmboard-R purchase includes:
A. Warmboard-S panels in the correct configuration of straight, left turn, right turn and double panels. Warmboard-R is provided in the correct configuration of straight and turn panels.
B. A set of plans done by our in-house design department including panel layout, tubing layout with manifold location.
C. Installation kit including written instructions, alignment pins, router bit and custom routing templates.
D. Unlimited telephone support from our technical services department
Additional components needed for completing your radiant heat system:
A. PEX tubing – We recommend PEX Aluminum PEX (ask us for more info)
C. Heat source (water heater or boiler)
Most commonly these components are sourced locally. Our regional managers can recommend local resources or we can recommend nationwide companies to assist you with this part of your system.
What kind of floor coverings can I use with Warmboard?
Any floor covering that is ordinarily installed in a wood framed home can be installed on Warmboard-S and Warmboard-R. Carpet is installed with conventional nail down tack strips. Slab foam rubber pad is the best pad to use with Warmboard. Vinyl, in conventional construction (as with Warmboard) is always installed over 3/8″ under-layment, attached to the subfloor. Hardwood is nailed directly to our panels, typically at right angles to the tubes. The best installations use vertical grain, relatively narrow planks that have been properly acclimated for moisture. Tile is installed using conventional mortar bed or backer board techniques. For more information please see floor coverings.
How do I air condition a radiant home?
Air conditioning is typically done through a separately ducted system with ceiling registers. This system will provide a higher quality of air conditioning than a system that pushes cold air up through floor ducts. The ducts alone for a typical home are inexpensive to install. Once ducts are installed, the rest of the system cost will be consistent with the costs of a normal central air conditioning that is added to a forced air system.
Do I need special equipment or components in addition to the normal radiant requirements to work with the Warmboard system?
No, Warmboard works with the same components and equipment as any other radiant system. The choice of heat sources, manifolds, etc, is up to the radiant distributor and the installer. While many radiant systems require boilers, sources such as conventional hot water heaters, ground source heat pumps and solar work well with Warmboard. Because of Warmboard’s fast response, our systems also frequently have less complicated control systems.
Are Warmboard-S and Warmboard-R more efficient than forced air heating?
Radiant heated homes are 25%* more efficient than forced air heated homes and Warmboard products are the most efficient radiant heating system available.
Radiant heat is more efficient because:
- Direct radiant pick-up by the skin, like the warm sun on cool day, makes you comfortable at a lower thermostat setting.
- Radiant does not stratify like forced air so there is significantly lower ceiling temperatures meaning less heat loss through the roof (it’s warmer low where the people are, cooler at the ceiling).
- Forced air systems blow air which has a cooling effect on your skin requiring a warmer thermostat setting. Forced air systems create drafts.
- Most forced air systems have many supply registers but only one or two return air registers. Closing the door to a room cuts off the return path, and can cause the room to pressurize and pump heat outside around windows and doors.
- Forced air ducts have large surface areas making insulation less effective. Seams are frequent sources of leaks as duct tape dries out over time and ducts fall. Dropped ductwork heats the crawl space, not your home.
- Radiant is easily zoned allowing you to heat room by room, and only as required
* Study done at Kansas State University in conjunction with the American Society of Heating Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE).
Can Warmboard be Used in a Remodel Situation?
Warmboard-R is ideal for retrofit/remodel projects. Warmboard-R will add stiffness to any existing subfloor; will typically provide a flatter and smoother subfloor surface, will ease installation of all finish floor goods, especially hardwoods and its low mass combined with high conductivity will provide for the best thermodynamic performance available.
Do Warmboard panels interfere with Wifi signals?
Warmboard's thick aluminum can interfere with wireless Internet connectivity in your home. If this occurs, we recommend purchasing a Wifi Repeater to boost the signal. A decent Wifi Repeater should cost $20 to $50.